What results can be expected one year after complex incisional hernia repair with biosynthetic mesh?
E. Vauclair, M. Bert, O. Facy, N. Cheynel, P. Rat, P. Ortega-Deballon
Journal of Visceral Surgery (2020), JVS-1072
Incisional hernia is a frequent complication after midline laparotomy. The current standard repair includes the use of a synthetic mesh to prevent recurrence. However, the use of a synthetic mesh in a contaminated field carries a higher risk of mesh infection. In this setting biologic and biosynthetic meshes can be used as they resist to infection, but these are absorbable meshes. This raises the question of the risk of recurrence as the mesh disappears. Phasix® is a biosynthetic mesh getting absorbed in 12—18 months. The aim of this study was to assess the 1-year recurrence rate after abdominal-wall repair with a Phasix® mesh.
All patients undergoing ventral hernia repair between 2016 and 2018 at the University Hospital of Dijon using a Phasix® mesh were prospectively included in a database. They were all followed-up with a physical exam and a routine CT scan at one year. All postoperative complications were recorded.
Twenty-nine patients were included in the study (55.2% women), with a mean BMI of 30,25 kg/m2. Nineteen meshes were sublay and 10 intraperitoneal. Complications at 1 month were mainly mild: Clavien-Dindo I and II (61.1%). No mesh was explanted. There was no chronic infection. The mean length of stay was 11.5 days. The 1-year recurrence rate was 10.3%. Conclusion: Patients having undergone complex ventral hernia repair with a Phasix® mesh have a 1-year recurrence rate of 10.3%. No severe surgical site occurrence was detected. A longer follow-up in a larger number of patients could confirm the place of this mesh in abdominal-wall repair.
Patients having undergone complex ventral hernia repair with a Phasix® mesh have a 1-year recurrence rate of 10.3%. No severe surgical site occurrence was detected. A longer follow-up in a larger number of patients could confirm the place of this mesh in abdominal-wall repair.